Laminitis is a painful and potentially crippling disease of the hoof that can be fatal to horses.
The hoof wall is made up of an interlinked outer insensitive layer (horn) supported by an underlying inner sensitive layer (laminae). In laminitis, the blood flow to the laminae is affected, resulting in inflammation and swelling in the tissues within the hoof, and severe pain. As the laminae are starved of oxygen and nutrient rich blood, the cells become damaged. Unless the cause is removed and treatment is started immediately on first signs of the condition, the sensitive laminae begin to die.
The laminae are responsible for supporting the pedal bone in the hoof and thus the weight of the animal. Laminitis becomes founder whten the Peadal bone rotates. In severe cases of founder the pedal bone can sink and rotate due to the inability of the damaged laminae to support it and from the pull of the deep digital flexor tendon. If the pedal bone sinks too far it can be seen to protrude from the sole of the foot. In many cases this is irreversible, however, some cases can be cured, although this requires a lot of time, patience and money.
Laminitis can affect any of the feet but is more commonly seen in the front feet. Any horse or pony can be affected by laminitis.
Using X-rays Ken will trim each foot to start correcting any rotation. The xrays show how much toe can be taken off as well as see how much sole the hoof has. Then will trim the foot and ideally use clogs shoes.
Clogs are wood shoes that are custom made for your horse. They can give immediate relief to a horse in pain and help them heal! In laminitis the laminae is compromised and inflamed Clogs are used to relieving pressure off the hoof wall and loading the horse's weight to the frog area. By reducing pressure, pain is decreased and the laminae has a chance to heal.
Ken custom makes clogs from plywood. They are about 1 inch thick in the back and about 1/2 inch in the front. They are rounded on all sides and it helps the horse carry his weight in the best place., the frog area. The rounding helps with break-over on ALL sides. This helps a horse with laminitis be able to distribute his weight were he is more comfortable and aids in turning. They are applied with just 2 screws (no pounding!) and a casting materiel that is water proof and durable.
Basic Clog Design.
Ken talks about the current condition of the hoof and how it will grow out.
Ken describes how he will use packing and how he where he sets the clog.
More detail about hoof packing
Ken applies the casting material. Once dry it is hard and can even get wet.
Having the proper break over is import for ALL horses. But crucial for a horse with Laminitis. Ken explains how to find the break over after a proper trim